Contoh Dan Soal Descriptive Text

The social purpose of descriptive text: to describe a particular person, place or thing in detail
Generic Structure:
1. Identification
2. Description

Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using action verb
3. Using adverb
4. Using special technical terms


The example of descriptive text:
Text 1
Borobudur temple
Borobudur temple is a budhist temple in Indonesia. It was build in the nineth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. (identification)

     Borobudur  is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 m high and consist of eight step like stone terrace. The first five terrace are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Budist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire adifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre at the centre of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and starways. The design of borobudur which symbolizes the structure of universe influences temples at Angkor, Cambodia. Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people. (description)








Text 2
My Cat Gregory
      Gregory is my beautiful gray Persian cat. Gregory is a male cat. I have him on my birthday. My grandma give it to me as a present. I love Gregory very much. (identification)
     He walks with pride and grace, performing a dance of disdain as he slowly lifts and lowers each paw with the delicacy of a ballet dancer. His pride, however, does not extend to his appearance, for he spends most of his time indoors watching television and growing fat.
He enjoys TV commercials, especially those for Meow Mix and 9 Lives. His familiarity with cat food commercials has led him to reject generic brands of cat food in favor of only the most expensive brands. Gregory is as finicky about visitors as he is about what he eats, befriending some and repelling others. He may snuggle up against your ankle, begging to be petted, or he may imitate a skunk and stain your favorite me because he is jealous of my friends. After my guests have fled, I look at the old fleabag snoozing trousers. Gregory does not do this to establish his territory, as many cat experts think, but to humiliate and smiling to himself in front of the television set, and I have to forgive him for his obnoxious, but endearing, habits. (description)


Exercises:
Text 1:
Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America. It is on the Niagara River, about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. At Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada is on one side of the river, and the U.S. state of New York is on the other side.
Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada, and the American Falls are in the United States. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon, at the falls. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. They are not as high as the American Falls, but they are 2,600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0.5 mile (0.8 kilometre). The American Falls are about 1,000 feet (305 metres) wide.Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. There, the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. At night, coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year.

1.      What is the purpose of the text above?
2.      Where is the location of Niagara Falls?
3.      How many people had visit Niagara Falls each year?

Text 2:
Singapore
      Singapore is an island city. Its population is about three millions people. Most Singaporeans live in high-rise apartments.
      Singapore is a beautiful city with lots of parks and open spaces. It is also a very clean city. You know, the business district is very modern, with lots of tall and new buildings.
Now, let me tell you about the old section of the city. In Chinatown, there are rows of old shop houses. The government buildings in Singapore are also very unique and antique. They date from the British colonial days. Singapore is famous for its many good shopping centers. Most of the goods are duty free. It’s a heaven for shoppers! Singapore’s restaurants provide Chinese, Indian, Malay, and European food, and the prices are quite reasonable.
      Well, since Singapore lies near the equatorial line, of course, it has a tropical climate, with a nice weather in both dry and rainy season.

4.      What will be interest in singapore?
5.      Mention many kinds of foods that sold in Singapore!
6.      Why singapore has a tropical climate?
7.      Where is the most Singaporeans live?
Text 3:
Prambanan Temple
            Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple compound in Central Java in Indonesia, located approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta.    
            The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the largest Hindu temples in south-east Asia. It is characterised by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the 47m high central building inside a large complex of individual temples. It was built around 850 CE by either Rakai Pikatan, king of the second Mataram dynasty, or Balitung Maha Sambu, during the Sanjaya Dynasty. Not long after its construction, the temple was abandoned and began to deteriorate. Reconstruction of the compound began in 1918. The main building was completed in around 1953. Much of the original stonework has been stolen and reused at remote construction sites. A temple will only be rebuilt if at least 75% of the original stones are available, and therefore only the foundation walls of most of the smaller shrines are now visible and with no plans for their reconstruction.                 
            The temple was damaged during the earthquake in Java in 2006. Early photos suggest that although the complex appears to be structurally intact, damage is significant. Large pieces of debris, including carvings, were scattered over the ground. The temple has been closed to the public until damage can be fully assessed. The head of Yogyakarta Archaeological Conservation Agency stated that: “it will take months to identify the precise damage”. However, some weeks later in 2006 the site re-opened for visitors. The immediate surroundings of the Hindu temples remain off-limits for safety reasons. 
8.      Where is the location of Prambanan Temple?
9.      What happened with Prambanan temple in 2006?
10.  When the main building was completed?
11.  Who is Rakai Pikatan?

Text 4:
Taj Mahal

        Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the eight wonders of the world. It was built by a Muslim Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his dear wife at Agra.
      Taj Mahal is a Mausoleum that houses the grave of queen Mumtaz Mahal. The mausoleum is a part of a vast complex comprising of a main gateway, an elaborate garden, a mosque (to the left), a guest house (to the right), and several other palatial buildings. The Taj is at the farthest end of this complex, with the river Jamuna behind it. The Taj stands on a raised, square platform (186 x 186 feet) with its four corners truncated, forming an unequal octagon. The architectural design uses the interlocking arabesque concept, in which each element stands on its own and perfectly integrates with the main structure. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and a symmetry of architectural elements.
Its central dome is fifty-eight feet in diameter and rises to a height of 213 feet. It is flanked by four subsidiary domed chambers. The four graceful, slender minarets are 162.5 feet each. The central domed chamber and four adjoining chambers include many walls and panels of Islamic decoration.
       Taj Mahal is built entirely of white marble. Its stunning architectural beauty is beyond adequate description, particularly at dawn and sunset. The Taj seems to glow in the light of the full moon. On a foggy morning, the visitors experience the Taj as if suspended when viewed from across the Jamuna river.
12.  For who Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal?
13.  When will Taj Mahal seems glow in the light?
14.  What is the architectural design uses?
15.  What is Taj Mahal is actually?

Reactions: 

1 Response to "Contoh Dan Soal Descriptive Text"

  1. Khan It's My Life says:
    8 Januari 2013 10.46

    sayangnya tidak ada contoh soal multiple choice nya :(

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